Search found 370 matches

by Tenorikuma
Tue Dec 24, 2013 10:21 pm
Forum: Christian Texts and History
Topic: "Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom
Replies: 16
Views: 19856

Re: "Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom

Agreed. I'm by no means making a slam-dunk argument. It would be nice to have examples from other writers. I'm just noting that Clement uses the term "brother of the Lord" in Stromata III as a title for an apostle who has achieved perfect gnosis, and then goes on to use the term "brother" (in relati...
by Tenorikuma
Mon Dec 23, 2013 6:09 am
Forum: Christian Texts and History
Topic: "Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom
Replies: 16
Views: 19856

Re: "Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom

Hence my original point that if James had been martyred at the time of writing and Peter was still alive, it would explain the exclusive use of the label.
by Tenorikuma
Sun Dec 22, 2013 7:03 am
Forum: Christian Texts and History
Topic: "Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom
Replies: 16
Views: 19856

Re: "Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom

But Jesus supposedly had other brothers, so the indefinite article should also be used in the case of kinship, by that logic. Still, your point is taken. Then again, in the context of Galatians, whatever the meaning, the title seems to be applied to distinguish James in some important way. Among the...
by Tenorikuma
Sun Dec 22, 2013 1:45 am
Forum: Christian Texts and History
Topic: "Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom
Replies: 16
Views: 19856

Re: "Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom

Yes, I think "ritual brotherhood" is a good way to put it, and I agree about the adoption/inheritance language. In Stromata VI, Clement stresses that James, Peter, John and Paul had become "true heirs of the Lord's adoption" — i.e. they had inherited the very same status as adopted sons of God that ...
by Tenorikuma
Sun Dec 22, 2013 12:08 am
Forum: Christian Texts and History
Topic: "Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom
Replies: 16
Views: 19856

Re: "Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom

Thanks for the reply, DCH. I have read Carrier's article on the "brother of Jesus called Christ" insertion and Origen's confusion between Josephus and Hegesippus, so I'm aware that Josephus is referring to James ben Damneus. For now, I'm combing through every single extant Christian work of the firs...
by Tenorikuma
Sat Dec 21, 2013 6:08 am
Forum: Christian Texts and History
Topic: Full Commentary on Reza Aslan's "Zealot" (2013)
Replies: 11
Views: 12021

Re: Full Commentary on Reza Aslan's "Zealot" (2013)

Good job so far. Very useful.
by Tenorikuma
Sat Dec 21, 2013 3:21 am
Forum: Christian Texts and History
Topic: "Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom
Replies: 16
Views: 19856

"Brother of the Lord" and martyrdom

Since the value of Galatians as evidence of the historical Jesus hinges greatly on the meaning of the phrase "brother of the Lord", I found the following to be of interest. In Stromata III, Clement of Alexandria writes that a "man of gnosis" who has become righteous and truly spiritual is worthy to ...
by Tenorikuma
Thu Nov 14, 2013 5:59 pm
Forum: Christian Texts and History
Topic: the disciples were first called Chrestians (not Christians)
Replies: 121
Views: 124497

Re: the disciples were first called Chrestians (not Christia

One can also speculate that Josephus avoided any use of "Christos" while making his case that Vespasian was the Jewish Messiah because the term meant "ointment" in normal Greek and would not have been understood by his audience.
by Tenorikuma
Thu Nov 14, 2013 4:54 pm
Forum: Christian Texts and History
Topic: the disciples were first called Chrestians (not Christians)
Replies: 121
Views: 124497

Re: the disciples were first called Chrestians (not Christia

in listing Χριστός - Christos / Khristos / kʰriːstós / Xristos - http://biblesuite.com/greek/5547.htm has 5547 Xristós (from 5548 /xríō, "anoint with olive oil") – properly, "the Anointed One," the Christ (Hebrew, "Messiah"). Of course that's what a Christian glossary would say. But is there a sing...
by Tenorikuma
Thu Nov 14, 2013 6:44 am
Forum: Christian Texts and History
Topic: the disciples were first called Chrestians (not Christians)
Replies: 121
Views: 124497

Re: the disciples were first called Chrestians (not Christia

χρηϲτοϲ is "good." χριϲτοϲ is "anointed." χρηϲτοϲ is "good", or also 'useful', and was often used in relation to slaves; which I've often thought is interesting given many Jews in the Diaspora were enslaved. χριϲτοϲ is "anointed", or also 'chosen one' (kinda the same thing, but given the various us...