In this case "uses" means plagiarized.
That is your definition, not mine.
The stories are free for anyone to use.
outhouse wrote:... the Mesopotamian mythology the Israelites plagiarized while in exile.
I hear that argument in other places and I see no reason to dismiss the Babylonian influence any more than the Egyptian influence to the Old (the elder) Testament.
The parts of the Bible from Babylon ( Mesopotamia ) can still have claim to truth or inspiration, just as the Egyptian commandments are still valid in the Bible.
You throw around the word "plagiarized" as if that is a commandment of THOU SHALT NOT plagiarize, and there is no such commandment, and certainly not when applied to God inspiring different people into the same message(s).
Reality dictates complete fiction to sell Yahweh as the one god to the polytheistic people after the return from exile, by developing the theology with a pseudohistorical backdrop.
Reality dictates that - no - it does not.
The name Yahweh means = male creator = as in Father, and that is why Jesus kept saying "Father" because it was the meaning of Yahweh.
That is a Theological name fitting to all of humanity throughout time memorial, and the title of "Father" or Father-God does not need any historical backdrop.
So the biblical text historically does not come from any forefathers as even Abraham is pure fiction with no historicity at all.
When I said forefathers then I did not mean any specific forefather.
The JEPD sources are forefathers too, the early Christians and Muslims are forefathers, and the name Abraham is just a name.
Even the unknown authors fit under the category of forefathers.
And islam was not inspired by god, or a god would not have to only offer copied myth and fiction
The saying is that the Qur'an was inspired by God.
The religion of Islam came later.
And the Qur'an has far more important stuff in it then the unimportant references to the Hebrew and Christian scriptures.