Timeline: The Ottomans and the Balkans
Turkic tribe known as Ottomans forms small state in western Anatolia.
Ottomans invade and begin to occupy Bulgaria.
Ottomans defeat Serbs and their allies at Battle of Maritsa.
Ottomans inflict second defeat on Serbs, now led by Prince Lazar, at the Battle of Kosovo, beginning slow conquest of Serbia.
Ottomans move their capital from Asia Minor to Edirne (Adrianople) in Europe, signaling their intention to become a major European power.
Ottomans encircle and conquer Constantinople, ending the Byzantine Empire.
Fall of Smederevo liquidates last remnant of independent Serbian state.
Ottomans almost complete conquest of Bosnia, executing last king of Bosnia, Stjepan Tomasevic, at Jajce.
Albanian warrior prince Skenderbeg dies. Within a decade of his death, Ottomans overrun most of Albania.
Croatian nobility annihilated at Battle of Krbava in Lika, opening way to Ottoman conquest of much of Croatia.
Hungarian army crushed at Battle of Mohacs, opening way for Ottoman conquest of Hungary.
Sultan decrees restoration of Serbian Orthodox Patriarchate, vacant since the 1460s. Return of Patriarchs to Pec stimulates revival of Serbian identity within Ottoman Empire.
Habsburgs conquer Ottoman-ruled Hungary and Croatia, forging new frontier between “Austrian” and “Turkish” empires. Failed uprising among Serbs in Kosovo results in mass emigration of Serbs to Habsburg Slavonia and Vojvodina.
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