But 1 Timothy and 2 Timothy seem interesting and are easily incorporated into my big picture view of (Jewish) Christianity being a Fourth Philosophic faction, and thus at least emerging in the same milieu as the DSS (the majority of which are dated to the Herodian era), if not being directly associated with some of them, in this case with the Damascus Document.
And while the resemblances to the Damascus Document were immediately "obvious" to me, I poked around Google books to see if anyone else notices them too, and sure enough it is Eisenman, who points out exactly what I was seeing in his The New Testament Code (which I never finished reading due to being too old to navigate his writing style when it came out).
And while I of course do not agree with (or understand) Eisenman in plenty of respects, in this case (and in his general reading of, if not his every interpretation of, the DSS), I tend to agree.
Take 2 Tim. 2:26, 3:8-9 and 16-17:
Then they will come to their senses and escape the snare of the devil, who has taken them captive to his will.
Just as Jannes and Jambres opposed Moses, so also these men oppose the truth. They are depraved in mind and disqualified from the faith. But they will not advance much further. For just like Jannes and Jambres, their folly will be plain to everyone.
Damascus Document:All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for instruction, for conviction, for correction, and for training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be complete, fully equipped for every good work.
... these are the three nets of Satan with which Levi son of Jacob said that he catches Israel by setting them up as three kinds of righteousness. The first is riches, the second is fornication, and the third is profanation of the Temple. Whoever escapes the first is caught in the second, and whoever saves himself from the second is caught in the third.
For (already) in ancient times God visited their deeds and His anger was kindled against their works; for it is a people of no discernment, it is a nation void of counsel inasmuch as there is no discernment in them. For in ancient times, Moses and Aaron arose by the hand of the Prince of Lights and Satan in his cunning raised up Jannes and his brother when Israel was first delivered.
Hear now, all you who know righteousness, and consider the works of God ... Hear now, my sons, and I will uncover your eyes that you may see and understand the works of God, that you choose that which pleases Him and reject that which He hates, that you may walk perfectly in all His ways and not follow after thoughts of the guilty inclination and after eyes of lust.
And the context of the Damascus Document is the New Covenant (which is a renewed Old Covenant, like in Jewish Christianity), living in Damascus (like Jewish Christians did), the Way (which is what Acts says early Christianity was called), the coming of the Messiah, the Last Days, etc..
It also refers to Abraham (as do 2 Chron. 20:7 and Is. 41:8, of course, but bearing in mind the context) as being called a "friend of God" because of his Torah observance, like James does in 2:22-23:
James 2:22-23:Abraham did not walk in it, and he was accounted friend of God because he kept the commandments of God ...
So 1 and 2 Timothy fit right into this to me. And I can't help but think that since they purport to be Paul but (in my view) promote Torah observance, that perhaps they (like I suspect could also be the case with 2 Peter) were written by someone who observed or was influenced by Nazarene Jewish Christianity, since Nazarene Jewish Christians are said to have observed the Torah and were cool with Paul (like modern Messianic Jews).You see that his faith was working with his actions, and his faith was perfected by what he did, and the Scripture was fulfilled that says, “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness,” and he was called a friend of God.