But when Capernaum was interpreted (wrongly or deliberately) as the Capernaum (a spring, not a village) mentioned by Josephus, then Capernaum became a "village of Galilee". So Jesus had to start now from Galilee (and not more from Sheol).
Who was the first to link Jesus with Galilee via Capernaum as village of Galilee?
Obviously they were anti-marcionite Judaizers.
Capernaum, interpreted as village of Galilee, means "village of Nahum". Now, Nahum was from the town of Elkosh (Nahum 1:1). Elkosh is behind the name of Elchasaites, a sect of Judaizers.
Epiphanius says that the Elchasaites influenced the ebionites insofar they became followers of a "high christology" :
So Elxaios was simply the first ebionite(s) who started to confuse (deliberately or not, it doesn't difference) the marcionite celestial Capernaum (=Sheol or lower heavens) with the earthly Galilean Capernaum (=village of Nahum). He was called "Elxaios" since Elkosh, the village of Nahum, was for him "Capernaum". Elxaios, an ebionite, was the true euhemerizer of the marcionite Jesus (still evidently a celestial deity), by reducing him to a mere man starting his preaching from Galilee, where Capernaum is localized.
Once the marcionite Jesus was made descend not more to Sheol, but to a mere village of Galilee, the option for the ebionites were two:
- increase the christological status of this Jesus from Galilee, or...
- ...reduce the christological status of this Jesus from Galilee.
The ebionites (considered by a lot of scholars as the true followers of the Pillars), were really only the Judaizing euhemerizers of the marcionite Jesus. By converting the originally celestial "Capernaum" in only another name for Elkosh, the village of Nahum.
And that is why the Galilee was introduced in the fiction.