Compare two arguments:
1) for Maurice Mergui, Paul is named Paul because he is a Saul/Sheol (the death) who is won by Jesus:
1 Samuel 9:1-2:
2) for Detering, Paul is named Paul because the his greatness comes from God by grace alone and is not a his own merit:
(The Falsified Paul, p. 145)
What surprises myself is the difference between two different approaches to the question: a scholar who sees all in terms of Jewish midrash and another scholar who sees all in terms of gnosticism. The difference is that for Mergui Paul is named Paul in virtue of a punition: he ceases to be a Saul. For Detering, Paul is named Paul in virtue of an exaltation: he owes all to the gnostic Father, nothing to himself.
Who would be more correct?
Discussion about the New Testament, apocrypha, gnostics, church fathers, Christian origins, historical Jesus or otherwise, etc.
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