Irish1975 wrote: ↑
Wed Oct 07, 2020 3:46 pm
Mark's story of Jesus in the wilderness as midrash on Paul's time in "Arabia."
15 But when God, who had set me apart even from my mother’s womb and called me through His grace, was pleased [εὐδόκησεν]
16 to reveal his son in me so that I might preach him among the gentiles, straightaway [εὐθέως] I did not consult with flesh and blood,
17 nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me; but I went away to Arabia, and returned once more to Damascus.
9 It happened that in those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan.
10 Immediately [εὐθὺς] coming up out of the water he saw the heavens splitting/opening [σχιζομένους], and the spirit like a dove descending upon him;
11 and a voice came out of the heavens: “You are my beloved son, in you I am well-pleased [εὐδόκησα].”
12 Immediately [εὐθὺς] the spirit thrust him out into the wilderness.
13 And he was in the wilderness forty days being tempted by Satan; and he was with the wild beasts, and the angels were serving him.
What do you think of the more mainstream derivation of the heavenly voice from a combination of Genesis 22.2, Psalm 2.7, and Isaiah 42.1?
Genesis 22.1-2: 1 Now it came about after these things, that God tested Abraham, and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” 2 He said, “Take now your son [OG τὸν υἱόν σου], your only son [OG τὸν ἀγαπητόν], whom you love [OG ὃν ἠγάπησας], Isaac, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I will tell you.”
Psalm 2.7: 7 “I will surely tell of the decree of the Lord. He said to Me, ‘You are My Son [OG υἱός μου εἶ συ]. Today I have begotten You.’”
Isaiah 42.1: 1 “Behold, My Servant, whom I uphold, My chosen one, in whom My soul delights [רָצְתָה נַפְשִׁי, Theodotion ὅν ηὐδόκησεν ἡ ψυχή μου; Matthew 12.18]. I have put My Spirit [OG τὸ πνεῦμά μου] upon Him; He will bring forth justice to the nations.”
Mark 1.9-11: 9 In those days Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10 Immediately coming up out of the water, He saw the heavens opening, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon Him; 11 and a voice came out of the heavens: “You are My beloved Son [σὺ εἶ ὁ υἱός μου ὁ ἀγαπητός], in You I am well pleased [ἐν σοὶ εὐδόκησα].”
Adela Yarbro Collins, Commentary on Mark (Hermeneia), page 150: 150 To the saying from Ps 2:7 the text of Mark adds the words “the beloved one” (ὁ ἀγαπητός). The source or model of this term is difficult to determine. One possibility is that Mark 1:11 alludes to the story of the near sacrifice of Isaac, implying that the near-death of Isaac prefigures the actual death of Jesus and its symbolic meaning. Another, more likely explanation is that the expression “the beloved one” (ὁ ἀγαπητός) was inspired by the other passage that is actualized or fulfilled in the speech of the divine voice, Isa 42:1, the first part of which reads, “Behold my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen, in whom my soul delights.” .... The second part of the saying of the divine voice in Mark 1:11, “I take delight in you” (ἐν σοὶ εὐδόκησα), is closer to the MT than to the LXX. In the former, Isa 42:1b reads “my soul takes delight (in him)” (רצתה נפשׁי), whereas the LXX reads “my soul receives him” (προσεδέξατο αὐτὸν ἡ ψυχή μου). This passage also has an intertextual relationship with the description of the descent of the Spirit in Mark 1:10, since Isa 42:1 continues “I have put my Spirit upon him.” [Refer also to Mary Ann Beavis, Commentary on Mark (Paideia), page 36; Vincent Taylor, The Gospel According to Saint Mark, page 162.]
If Mark got the second half of the announcement from Paul, does that rule out Isaiah 42.1 as the source, with its announcement of the Spirit coming upon the Servant?