Bar Kokhba revolt coins

Discussion about the Hebrew Bible, Septuagint, pseudepigrapha, Philo, Josephus, Talmud, Dead Sea Scrolls, archaeology, etc.
Post Reply
User avatar
Posts: 6795
Joined: Sat Oct 05, 2013 3:45 pm

Bar Kokhba revolt coins

Post by MrMacSon » Sat Nov 28, 2020 12:41 pm

“Coins of the Bar Kokhba revolt dated to 132-135AD reusing roman coins, the left one features the Jerusalem temple destroyed in 70AD”
E0C63AE3-36B5-4AB2-B452-FDB875D56906.jpeg (268.16 KiB) Viewed 4979 times
via ... 16577?s=12

User avatar
Posts: 920
Joined: Sat Oct 12, 2013 6:10 pm
Location: Latin America

Re: Bar Kokhba revolt coins

Post by arnoldo » Thu Mar 18, 2021 8:52 am

Another article focusing on Simon ben Kosiba. The article claims the following writing by Justin (First Apology 31.6) is in reference to Simon ben Kosiba.
For in the Jewish war which lately raged, Barchochebas, the leader of the revolt of the Jews, gave orders that Christians alone should be led to cruel punishments, unless they would deny Jesus Christ and utter blasphemy

The star above the facade of the jewish temple in the coin may or may not have messianic connotations.
640px-Barkokhba-silver-tetradrachm.jpg (89.32 KiB) Viewed 1555 times

Letters attributed to Bar Kosiba's administration may also be of interest (see abstract below).
Two letters from Nahal Hever, one in Greek and one in Aramaic, deal with the requisitioning of the "four species" (palms, citrons, myrtles and willows) for use in the festival of Sukkot (Tabernacles) in the camp of Bar Kosiba's army. The first part of the paper presents the two texts with critical comments. Following the lead of Yadin and others, I argue against the identification of the sender of the Greek letter, Soumaios, with Bar Kosiba himself. In addition, I propose or defend readings that differ from those of the editio princeps and subsequent publications. The second part of the paper draws attention to a number of issues raised by the two letters taken together. The letters offer an interesting window into the chain of command and delegation of authority in Bar Kosiba's administration. Because one of the letters is in Greek and includes an apology for the fact, the letters testify to both the extent and limitations of bilingualism among Bar Kosiba's supporters. If Soumaios, the author of the Greek letter, was a gentile, gentile participation in the revolt requires comment. Finally, I consider the implications of the festival of Tabernacles for our understanding of the second revolt, drawing attention to associations of the festival with both Temple rededication and eschatology, Sukkot and Temple imagery on the coins of the revolt, the use of branches in the representation of royal figures and of victory in classical literature, in the royal propaganda of Hellenistic and Roman rulers, in the New Testament and in ancient Jewish literature, and, most immediately, on the coins celebrating the visit of Hadrian in Judea in 129—30.
LAPIN, HAYIM. “Palm Fronds and Citrons: Notes on Two Letters from Bar Kosiba's Administration.” Hebrew Union College Annual, vol. 64, 1993, pp. 111–135. JSTOR,

Posts: 898
Joined: Tue Feb 13, 2018 1:15 pm
Location: England

Re: Bar Kokhba revolt coins

Post by Ethan » Thu Mar 25, 2021 5:32 am

It's not a temple but a treasury and the revolt was about taxation. Theologians like to believe it's about religion.

Post Reply