With the predeterminate knowledge that their original written compositions were able to be corrupted by injudicious followers misrepresenting their content, [Epistle of Peter to James, Clementine Literature], and by false apostles intentionally misrepresenting their content [Epistula Apostolorum], the apostles and disciples of Yeshua Christ can be seen to codify arcana in certain guises in order to sanctify their writings.
Arcana was also useful for protection against malevolent parties. Hebrew law forbids adherents to injure another by word or deed, [Letter of Aristeas]. Critical to the abidance by Christian adherents of that law was the collaborative observance of codified names within familial relationships and sect leadership. To have let sect leaders and those with birthright title have their names exposed in certitude, would have been inimical to their safety. Christians needed to be heedful of opposing religious factions.
Identities, archives, lore, and prosoprographical knowledge and practices were incorporated esoterically into Christian literature of the learned initiates of Christian doctrine.
James son of Alphaeus also called James the Less:
James the Less was the biological son of Alphaeus and his first wife, Mary [History of Joseph the Carpenter]. Alphaeus was the son of Clopas. Clopas was the brother of Joseph the Carpenter. James the Less was the great nephew of Joseph the Carpenter.
Joseph and the Virgin Mary became foster/redeemer parents of James the Less and his brother Judas when Alphaeus was widowed [History of Joseph the Carpenter]. Joseph enrolled James with Mary and kin in Bethlehem. James the Less was 'the son of Joseph, brother of Jesus' [The James Ossuary].
After six years according to Hebrew lore [Deut. 15.12] James and Judas were returned to Alphaeus who had married Mary, 'the other Mary', the Virgin Mary's younger sister.
James son of Zebedee.
James was the biological son of Zebedee and Mary. Zebedee is modified into Theudas, Greek for Zebedee. Both Zebedee and Theudas define as gift of God. The bishop of Jerusalem is accounted as the biological son of Theudas and Mary, in the Apocalypse of James.
Mary of Alphaeus:
Mary, the first wife of Alphaeus, was the biological mother of James and Judas sons of Alphaeus. She and Mary wife of Zebedee were co-milk mothers of James son of Alphaeus and John son of Zebedee. She died when James son of Alphaeus and John were infants.
Mary of Zebedee:
Mary the wife of Zebedee was the biological mother of John and James, the sons of Zebedee. She and Mary of Alphaeus were co-milk mothers of John son of Zebedee and James son of Alphaeus. She and the Virgin Mary were the co-milk mothers of Jesus the ascribed son of Joseph and James the son of Zebedee.
Mary was the firstborn daughter of Joachim and Anna. She was the biological mother of Jesus Christ, her only child. She and Mary of Zebedee were co-milk mothers of Jesus ascribed son of Joseph and James son of Zebedee. She was the step mother of Justus/Joseph, Simeon, James, Judas/Joses, Assia and Lydia,[The History of Joseph the Carpenter].
Mary of Clopas:
Mary was the second born daughter of Joachim and Anna. She was called 'the other Mary'. She married Alphaeus the son of Clopas and was ascribed the name 'Mary of Clopas'. She was the step mother of James and Judas the sons of Alphaeus.
Participatory exploration of the Christian congeries below will provide continuity and acuity for the affirmation of the above identities and their relationships. Just follow the legend of the identities above to demystify the arcana of the intended indistinct identities that the original writers set, especially those of the Jameses and Marys.
N.B. Orthography: Names such as James and Mary it should be impressed upon, are English language adaptations of the original names.
1. The English name Mary is styled from the Latin Maria, that's styled from the Greek Μαρία, that's styled from MYRH the Greek transliteration of the Hebrew name מריה or Maria, of which therewith is the English transliteration Mary.
1a. מריה or Maria(Mary) is the back-formation of the Hebrew name מרים or Mariam.
2.The Hebrew name מרים or Mariam, is styled into the Greek transliteration MYRM and saved into Mariam that's styled into Μαριάμ that's styled into the Latin Mariam that's styled into the English name Miriam, of which therewith is the English transliteration of the Hebrew name מרים or Mariam.
1. מריה,Maria into MYRH,Maria into Μαρία into Maria attaining Mary.
1a. מרים,Mariam into מריה,Maria into MYRH,Maria into Μαρία saved into Maria attaining Mary.
2. מרים,Mariam saved into MYRM,Mariam into Μαριάμ into Mariam into Miriam.
מרים or Mariam has an inceptive with Hebrew. The Hebrew name Mariam was attenuated into its back-formation name Maria. The lexicon name Maria was incorporated into Latin from where it was styled into the old English name Marye of which it attained the modern English name Mary.
The Hebrew name Mariam is disposed to be derived from the Egyptian name Mryt-Imn:
[Alan H. Gardiner, https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dl ... /page/n225], Mryt being the feminine for beloved, and Imn being for Amun, the Egyptian King of Gods, analogous with the omnipotent Hebrew God Elyon.
After vocalizing and attenuating Mryt-Imn into Marye-am, the Hebrew name Mariam is formed. Mariam, the sister of Aaron and Moses is affixed with initiating the name Mariam, relative to the sojourn of the Israelites in Egypt, prior to the oppressive measures imposed on the Hebrews by the Pharaoh of Moses' generation: [Septuagint].
Mary or in Old English, Marye, is attained then from Egyptian mry,(beloved) vocalized from mryt.
The Virgin Mary is ascribed the name, Mariham or Mariam by Yeshua and the apostles, obiter dicta,
e.g. Coptic, https://archive.org/details/cu31924026887780/page/n399
http://www.uhl.ac/old/en/projects/talpi ... lve-maria/
By Dr. Stephen Pfann.
CORPUS INSCRIPTIONUM IUDAEA/PALAESTINAE, De Gruyter, Volume 1, Jerusalem,
edited by Hannah M. Cotton, Leah Di Segni, Werner Eck, Benjamin Isaac, Alla Kushnir-Stein, Haggai Misgav, Jonathan Price, Israel Roll, Ada Yardeni.
http://theriveroflife.com/2017/12/06/ma ... #more-2346
By Andrew Chapman.
The name Mary, an English adaptation for identities in the New Testament gospels, can be delineated into primary determinates of these three names: Mariam, Maria and Mariame.
These three names are verifiable in multiple confirming inscriptions, as tabulated by Tal IIan: ILAN, T. (2002). Lexicon of Jewish Names in Late Antiquity, Part 1: Palestine 330 BCE–200 CE.
Sorted by this applicability, one is cognizant that the Apostle Philip has bestowed The Virgin Mary, Mary of Clopas and Mary Magdalene, as Mariam, Maria and Mariame. Hebrew names Mariam and Maria were adopted into the Greek. Mariame is the early Greek variant of Mariam, later evolving into Mariamme, etc.
The Gospel of Philip affirms that the three who walked constantly with Jesus were each a Mary. Philip, a scribe conversant in Greek, circumscribes Mariam, Maria and Mariame to comport to an original, derivative and variant. Manuscripts concur, preeminently ascribing the Virgin Mary to Mariam/Μαριάμ, Mary of Clopas to Maria/Μαρία, and Mary Magdalene to Mariame/Μαριάμη.[Scribe: Pistis Sophia, Bk 1.23; Greek, John 12:20,21]
In the Hebraic figurative nominative sense, Mariam is absorbed as beloved of god, Maria is absorbed as beloved. Grammarians of Ancient Greek when conforming to messianic structure, relate the discourse of Yeshua to being the discourse of God, and apply and ratify the grammatical case to harmonize with that messianic doctrine,[Messiah: John 5:17 ff.].
Jesus, equal in standing to God, doesn't need to incorporate his denomination into discourse with his mother, and can confer on her only Maria/Μαρία, "beloved" [Pistis Sophia].
With his aunt Maria he can choose to incorporate his sentiment and refer to her as Mariam/Μαριάμ—to confer on her that she is a beloved of his, [Pistis Sophia].
Mariam/Μαριάμ is consigned to The Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus, and is denoted as Mariam in :
- The Gospel of Matthew;
The Infancy Gospel of Matthew;
The Protevangelium of James;
The History of the Blessed Virgin Mary;
Life of the Blessed Virgin Mary;
Coptic apocrypha in the dialect of upper Egypt;
Lady Meux Manuscript, The Miracles of the Virgin Mary.
Maria/Μαρία is consigned to the other Mary, Mary the mother of James the less and Joses, Mary of Joses, Mary of James, Mary of Clopas—(Virgin Mariam's sister). Note: Relationships—Maria married Clopas' son, widower Alphaeus, biological father of James and Judas/Joses, who after their birth mother had died, became redeemed sons of their great uncle and espoused aunt—widower Joseph the Carpenter and the Virgin Mariam—and in compliance with Hebrew law(Leviticus 25:49 ff.), resided with them for a debenture of six years.
Maria denoted as Μαρία is found in these multiple confirming manuscripts:
- Matthew 27.56: Washingtonianus, Alexandrinus, Bezae, Regius, Boreelianus, Cyprius,
Matthew 27.61: Washingtonianus, Alexandrinus, Bezae, Regius, Boreelianus, Cyprius, Sangallensis
Matthew 28.1: Alexandrinus, Bezae, Regius, Boreelianus, Cyprius,
Mark 15.40: Alexandrinus, Siniticus, Regius, Cyprius,
Mark 15.47: Regius, Cyprius, Alexandrinus
Mark 16.1: Alexandrinus, Regius, Cyprius,
Luke 24.10: 𝔓75, Washingtonianus, Regius, Boreelianus, Cyprius,
John 19.25: Washingtonianus, Bezae, Cyprius,
source: http://www.csntm .
- The Gospel of Mary;
Acts of Philip;
Psalm 6 of Heracleides;
The English name James is a cognate of Jacob. James is styled from the Latin Iacomus, a later variant of the Latin Iacobus that's styled from the Greek Ιακωβος, that's styled from the Hebrew name יַעֲקֹב .
יַעֲקֹב into Ιακωβος into Iacobus into Iacomus into James.
Acts of John; Acts of Peter; Acts of Thomas; Acts of Paul; Infancy Gospels; Assumption Gospels; Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John; Acts of the Apostles by Luke; Galatians, Corinthians, by Paul; The General Epistle of James; Apostolic Constitutions; Apocalypse of James, Apocryphon of James; continued; Josephus' books; Hegesippus' books; others; continued.
All incorporated with archives and lore.
Assumption and History of the Virgin Mary Gospels:
Evidentiary discourse from the assemblage at the Virgin Mary's departure resolves any discrepancies for the datum: 9 am Sunday January 3 A.D. 62 — the hour, day month and year of the departure of the Virgin Mary. Percipients recognize this datum via Peter: " it has been sixteen years since we have gone forth " + " after twelve years, go out into the world " [The Preaching of Peter]. This is achieved here: April 3 A.D. 33 crucifixion + 12 years attaining April A.D. 45 + 16 years attaining April A.D. 61. John supernaturally arrived at the departure of the Virgin after being summoned while preaching on the ' Lords Day ' [his birthday, January 1] and three days later Mary died about the third hour on the Lord's day, Sunday.
The discourse of Mary and the apostles identify James son of Zebedee esoterically: ' The Jews hated James on account of him being called the Lord's brother ' + ' James the blessed apostle, who was surnamed the brother of the our Lord ' + ' being one of the sons of thunder ' + ' ye the three of whom he took with him to the mountain '.
Chapter 1 engages in unison with the other gospels in applicatory chronological arcana: 'firstborn' seen in perspective is read: born in the first second, first minute, first hour, first day, first day of the week, first week, first month of the Julian calendar being equative to the first year of A.D. 1. [Dionysius Exiguus]. [Midnight: Matthew, Infancy Gospel]; [Sunday: Dormition of Mary Gospel].
Chapter 4 has James and John stipulated as sons of Zebedee, for John had two brothers named James, one biological and one according to Hebrew lore. John and James son of Alphaeus were brothers due to them both being nurtured in their upbringing by their co-milk mothers.
Chapter 10 lists James and John as sons of Zebedee to differentiate the Jameses. Judas son of Alphaeus is codified Lebbaeus Thaddaeus.
Chapter 27 has 'the mother of Zebedee's children', she's nameless for the sake of keeping the arcana of James the Just, yet her name is Mary,[James' Apocalypse]. She has two sons named James hence the descriptor for clarification. Mary the mother of James and Joses has the descriptor, 'the mother of James', the stepmother of James and Joses only had the singular son named James. The Virgin Mary had two sons named James, her redeemed or foster son James of Alphaeus with the descriptor James the Less, and her nurtured son James the son of Zebedee, bishop[icons]. Both 'the other Mary' and 'Mary the mother of James' are one, she who accompanied Mary of Magdalene to the sepulchre.
The Gospel According to Luke:
Chapter 1 engages in unision with the other gospels in applicatory chronological arcana with the conception of John the Baptist datum: October 10, 2 BC, the day after Zacharias' ministration of Yom Kippur, attaining the date six months later of April 10 1 BC for the conception of Jesus Christ, attaining after 266 average gestation days the date of January 1 A.D. 1 for the birth of Jesus Christ.
Chapter 2 has 'firstborn' where seen in perspective is read: born in the first second, first minute, first hour, first day, first day of the week, first week, first month of the Julian Calendar being equative to the first year of A.D. 1. [Dionysius Exiguus]; [Midnight: Matthew, Infancy Gospel]; [Sunday: Dormition of Mary Gospel].
Chapter 3 represents John entering priesthood at thirty years of age during A.D. 30, because that year in relative terms was in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius, with A.D. 15 being the year of his inauguration and perforce the legitimate start of his administration,[Suetonius, Tiberius, The Twelve Caesars].
Jesus at thirty years of age is baptized, A.D.31/ 31 CE.
Chapter 5 depicts James and John as the sons of Zebedee for clarity.
Chapter 6 lists the disciples, stipulated by Luke as being apostles, with James of Alphaeus and Judas his brother not certified as kin of Yeshua, to codify identities and to hide birthright succession, in order to avoid misgivings of that information being placed into the hands of assassins of those facing loss of income, because the new Christian sect opposed animal sacrificial rites and idols, which in turn was detrimental to the income derived from commerce and taxes relevant to those rites and idols.
Chapter 8 avoids publicizing his mother and brethren.
Chapter 9 lists the three pillars Peter and John and James, taught of Jesus' divinity and of his healing insight.
Chapter 22 sees Peter and John preparing for the passover in which the eucharist is instituted by Yeshua , of which was later observed by James, assigned bishop of Jerusalem.
Chapter 24 names Mary of James opaquely, when the extended relationships are not known.
The Gospel According to Mark:
Chapter 1 depicts James and John as sons of Zebedee for clarity. The first four apostles are listed, the three pillars or directors, Peter James and John with Andrew. Peter and Andrew being called first, laid hands on and blessed James as bishop, Apostolic Constitutions.
Chapter 3 lists the three pillars Peter, James and John first in the list of the ordained twelve, depicting James and John as sons of Zebedee and surnamed them the sons of thunder. Subsequently John in view of James his lore brother's execution and Peter's persecution, is for safety reasons codified 'John surnamed Mark', Acts 12,13,15.
In lieu of listing James and Judas brothers of Jesus and providing assassins with birthright targets, James son of Alphaeus and Thaddaeus are listed.
His mother and brethren are not publicized.
Chapter 5 lists Peter James and John in terms of the 3 pillars.
Chapter 6 lists Jesus' family relations in an investigatory context.
Chapter 8 where Jesus charges the disciples to be discreet, being heedful of opposing hierarchies that may bring harm upon his adherents.
Chapter 9 lists the three pillars/directors of the church and charges them to be discreet, being heedful of opposing hierarchies that may bring harm upon his church.
Chapter 10 depicts James and John as sons of Zebedee, for clarity.
Chapter 13 lists the three directors of the church, Peter James and John, with Andrew, those who officiated in the church in Jerusalem.
Chapter 14 where Jesus asks the three directors/pillars of the church to be by his side. Roman time is engaged with the cockcrows.
Chapter 15 where the crucifixion began at 12 pm and concluded with the death on the cross of Jesus Christ at 3 pm.
Mary of James and Joses are listed opaquely for those not knowing the extended familial relationships.
Chapter 16 lists Mary of James opaquely for those not knowing the extended familial relationships.
Gospel According to John:
John composed his gospel without ascribing his name as author within his text, for named attestations in those times were inefficacious vehicles for proof of identity and able to be neutralized by detractors misrepresenting authorship as being unsettled.
John validates his memoir by intricately providing elements that due to their broad nature aren't nefariously undermined by revisionists, but in effect foreordains eyewitness knowledge of events of which are hard to remonstrate with .
His gospel came after Matthew, Mark and Luke had published theirs and after Peter and Paul had visited John in Ephesus following his return from exile on Patmos. The apostles Peter and Paul requested John to write his testimony to aid in countering growing false doctrines and to clarify details of events for adherents. [Acts of John]
Luke and John meld the gospel content in unison to produce details for chronological events concerning Jesus' birth and death upon the cross, expanding upon the melded content attested within the memoirs of Matthew and gospel according to Mark.
He attests to being a witness of of the recorded events: ' "This is the record of John" '.
Yeshua is ordained High Priest and son of God openly by the Holy Spirit when John baptizes him.
John the baptist bares record, saying he saw the Holy Spirit descend and abide on Yeshua.
John the disciple who with Andrew heard John the baptist speak, attests that he saw Yeshua baptized:
"I saw, and bare record that this is the son of God."
Philip of Bethsaida and Nathanael (substituted for Bartholomew) are not revealed as brothers, to not publicize the town of their kinfolk.
Jesus' mother and brethren are not publicized. The passover according to the Jewish calendar is recorded, the first of Jesus' ministry, A.D. 31.
Nicodemus is identified neutrally. John the baptist qualifies his ministry.
Jesus is attested as the Messiah as John set forth in Chapter One.
Peter is given a dual name, for protection.
Jesus' earthly father and mother are given in inquiring terms.
Judas Iscariot of Simon is named openly signalling it wasn't necessary to protect obviously him or his kinfolk at the time of publication.
Bethlehem, the birthplace of Jesus is publicized in inquiring terms.
Lazarus who rose from the dead and been made a celebrity , and who with his sisters were well known, are openly identified.
The second Jewish passover in A.D. 32 during Jesus' ministry is recorded.
Judas Iscariot Simon's son is openly identified, signalling it wasn't necessary to protect obviously him or his kinfolk at the time of publication.
Phillip and Andrew are not identified outright.
The third Jewish passover of A.D. 33 is recorded.
Judas Iscariot of Simon is identified outright, signalling it wasn't necessary to protect obviously him, or his kinfolk at the time of publication.
John qualifies himself covertly as the beloved of Jesus, in unspoken terms. [Apostolic Constitution of John, (beloved)]
Judas is not identified as kin of Yeshua, in order to protect kinfolk both immediate and extended at the publication date.
Peter is given dual names for he was still alive at publication, and needed protection.
John details the crucifixion events. Midnight Friday for the first cockcrow, Roman time is engaged. Peter is devastated upon the second cockcrow of 6 am after denying Yeshua discipleship three times.
Jesus is given an hearing and his sentence of crucifixion was passed at the third hour, 9 am.
Preparation day Friday with the sixth hour 12 pm is given for the time of crucifixion.
Mary wife of Alphaeus, Jesus' aunt is illustrated indistinctly as Mary of Clopas, to protect extended kinfolk. Mary Magdalene a disciple of some renown at the time of publication is identified.
The high sabbath of Nisan 15 is described, that being for the Jewish passover of Saturday April 4 33 CE.
Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus are identified, signalling that at time of publication they as authors of Christian writings were well known.
Peter being still alive at publication is given dual names for protection.
Thomas is given dual names for protection.
John witnesses the folded linen clothes and face cloth that Joseph of Arimathea witnessed also. [Acts of Pilate.]
Chapter Twenty One:
Simon and Thomas are given dual names. for protection. Nathanael substitutes for Simon to protect his kinfolk. John as the beloved is codified. Peter is given multiple names.
John is codified as the beloved Apostle, the apostle of whom was to be last to depart.
Infancy and History of the Virgin Mary Gospels:
The History of the Mary versions in Syriac have Joseph and family leaving for Egypt at 'cockcrow', arcana signifying that Bethlehem then was a town occupied by the Roman Legion, and the 6 am cockcrow was the army buccina wake up call.
Town folk were enabled to be citizens of Rome as a benefit for housing the Roman garrison. They were asked to enroll when the commissioners sent from Rome visited circa January 1 in the 43rd year the of reign of Augustus, of whose breviarium totius imperiii decree in 2 BC/309 AG stipulated that citizens of their towns were to be enrolled in-situ. [Commissioners: Gamaliel's Interview]
Joseph and family were registered as Roman citizens which entitled them to free passage within the empire, freedom from enslavement, and the right to a trial by Judge, among many entitlements as citizens of Rome.
Subsequently Jesus was given a trial adjudicated by Pontius Pilate. James the Less was beheaded during a state of emergency, whereby a trial by Judge could be bypassed.
'The days were fulfilled for bringing forth, and she brought forth her first-born son' is conveyed, signifying that after 266 days of gestation she brought forth her 'firstborn son', of which when seen in perspective is read: Jesus was born in the first second, first minute, first hour, first day, first day of the week, first week, first month of the Julian year equating to midnight Sunday, January 1, A.D. 1.[Dionysius Exiguus]. [Midnight: Matthew, Infancy Gospel]; [Sunday: Dormition of Mary Gospels].
Jesus is baptized A.D. 31 Latter Kanun/January 6.
The Protevangelion of James confirms that Jews belonging to Bethlehem were to be registered as citizens in-situ according to the decree of Augustus.
The First Gospel of the Infancy accounts archives the decree made by Augustus of 2 BC/309 AG and therefore Joseph and family were in Bethlehem to register in-situ during the commissioners visit from Rome circa January 1, A.D. 1/311 AG.
They departed Bethlehem for Egypt at 'cockcrow', the 6 am buccina wake up call of the Roman garrison.
They returned to Judea when they learned that Herod the Great was dead and that Archelaus reigned in his stead.
Characterizes brothers James and Joses as children, whereas step-brother Justus/Joseph was an adult, so then Joses is the nickname of Judas, and is not assigned to Justus/Joseph, when denoted in scripture regarding the kin of Jesus Christ.
At 'the end of his thirtieth year' Jesus is baptized publicly at Jordan, A.D. 31 with January 6 being the first sabbath of that year.
Acts of the Apostles:
Chapter 1: Secret disciple Nicodemus' house in Jerusalem is not given cognizance but instead, 'an upper room' is conferred, so the abode is not publicized as being where the brethren frequent, with 'brethren' unspecified as messianic followers.
The identities of eleven apostles are listed discretely with just first names for eight, including Peter, James and John placed foremost without specifying them as principal apostles. Simon is surnamed Zelotes as one being in common with a sect, and James of Alphaeus and Judas of James are surnamed without an establishable relationship.
Peter, chief apostle, addresses the brethren, but he is not specified as speaking in that investiture.
The apostles with the women disciples along with Mary, mother of Jesus and the ark of salvation, make supplications for the messianic sect, marking the beginning of the Christian church, which is not publicized and published so as to allow the church to grow by lessening awareness and scrutiny from opposing religious factions.
Matthias is appointed apostleship with the eleven. His full name is not stated, (a norm cogent in civil inaugurations of a new office holder), so as to not publicize his identity.
Chapter 2: Peter, as chief apostle but where he is not specified as speaking with that investiture, relates events including the foretold darkened sun and eclipse of the moon during the April 3rd crucifixion day, which resulted in the capture of the hearts of new messianic brethren.
Chapter 3: Peter and John of whom are unspecified as principal disciples, heal by supernatural means. Peter, who is not denoted with his investiture of chief apostle, addresses the congregation.
Chapter 4: Peter of whom as chief apostle is not specified with that investiture, addresses the hierarchy of rulers, scribes and elders. Both John and Peter of whom as principal apostles are not specified, steadfastly justify the doctrinal belief of Yeshua as the Messiah. Initiate Joses surnamed Barnabas (by the apostles), is listed vaguely 'from Cyprus'.
Chapter 5: Peter as unspecified chief apostle, resides over an inquiry. Secret disciple Gamaliel's speech enables the doctrine of the apostles to be given free rein.
Chapter 6: The newly installed disciples are not fully named,(a norm cogent in religious ceremonies inaugurating office holders).
Chapter 7: Stephen relates to the assembled leaders and people the messianic prophesies of Jesus Christ, and afterward he is stoned by the unbelieving mob and dies as a martyr, yet he is not fully named, providing protection from any further mob mentality attacks on his kinfolk.
Chapter 8: The Apostles are recorded as based in Jerusalem, with Saul not fully identifiable with Paul. Stephen and Philip are not fully named, and neither are Peter and John fully named and they are also not certified as sect leaders sent with that authority.
Chapter 12: Herod during a time of turmoil in Jerusalem, beheads James the son of Alphaeus, the milk-kin brother of John son of Zebedee. James is projected indistinctly as 'brother of John' and not identified in certitude, for to do so would direct hostilities from opponents of Christianity towards those certified kinfolk. He was executed without the prescribed hearing indulged in for a Roman citizen, because local jurisprudence was permitted during a state of emergency.
Peter was arrested to also appease the Jewish sects but subsequently he was supernaturally 'delivered out of the hand of Herod'. He then went to the Zebedee residence to forewarn the other principal apostles, John and James, of their probable impending arrests.
The large Zebedee home where John and James were with the brethren, is syllogized into 'the house of Mary the mother of John, surnamed Mark', a safeguard measure to protect from adversities the Zebedee household, among whom resided the Virgin Mary and her female disciples. Sect hierarchy and brethren, those who frequented there, also needed protection.
Peter, to safeguard James and the brethren forewarned them of their peril, and sanctuary was then sought for the three apostle leaders.
James went 'into another place', the desert where he wrote the Protevangelium of James, as recorded in its postscript.
Peter went to Caesarea.
John, with Paul and Barnabas, went to Antioch.
Chapter 13: John accompanies Paul and Barnabas in their ministry, with John then returning to Jerusalem for council duties.
Chapter 14: The Apostle Paul, unspecified as a principal apostle, is stoned for opposing the animal sacrifices of other religions.
Chapter 15: Peter is given the double name Simeon, and sees him exacting the Law in its acceptable time, with James providing insight and passing sentence. Both are not cited as principal apostles.
Apostles John and Barnabas go to Cyprus, where John (and Barnabas), in jurisprudence have a safer passage within that Roman province, and where for John to travel to Jerusalem for councils and familial duties, it was a quick journey by ship.
Chapter 16: The Apostolic Constitutions are described as written up during councils at Jerusalem.
Chapter 17: The Apostle Paul unspecified as a principal apostle, relates the falseness of worshiping God through idolatry, exposing the ensuing rampant opposing sects , and the need for Christians to be discreet in pleading their case.
Chapter 18: Disciples are named neutrally with only first names for Timotheus and Silas and Priscilla and Aquila, and with Apollos, 'born at Alexandria'.
Chapter 19: Demonstrates the need of Christians to be discreet in pleading their case during those times.
Chapter 20: Disciples are denoted with only first names. Paul forewarns that discretion is needed in the administration of the church.
Chapter 21: Paul meets with James and the elders of the church, in neutral terms of classification. Paul oversees events and preaches in an opportune way, directed by the Holy Spirit, as he was bidden to build the church. Accordingly he identifies himself in an absolute manner, 'a Jew of Tarsus, Cilicia, citizen', and is given licence to address the assembled people.
Chapter 22: Paul identifies himself in an absolute manner, 'born in Tarsus, in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city (Jerusalem) taught by the elder Gamaliel,' as required of one giving testimony for a trial, in which he seeks that cordiality from the chief captain by informing him that he was Roman.
Chapter 23: Paul testifies in Jerusalem of the hope and resurrection of the dead, under protection of Rome.
Chapter 24: Paul testifies of the Messiah in Caesarea under the protection of Rome.
Chapter 25: Paul appeals to be heard in Rome and Festus determines that he be sent to testify of the Christian doctrine in Rome.
Chapter 28: Paul in Rome is given protection to testify of the Christian doctrine.
The Catholic Epistle of James
James as one of the three pillars wrote his epistle for the Christian world:
Virgin Mary: ' You three have the Lord chosen for himself to preach the gospel of the kingdom to the whole world, who took with him to the mountain... ' [Sahidic fragments of the Life of a Virgin, Coptic Apocryphal Gospels].
James, the 'director of the church' [Doctrine of Addia], wrote his epistle in reverence to those in his charge, [Apostolic Constitutions Book 2.section 17 and Ecclesiastical Canon 58], taking precautions to protect the brethren from adversities.
James' epistle , sets as an example the uniform systemization of written composition and correspondence required for the scriptures, memoirs and epistles of the apostles and disciples to be preached, through not carelessly certifying Christian identities.
In this manner the Epistle of James' metier evades adversities with hostile actions through not certifying Christian identities, and it also propitiously provides the authenticity of Christian writings, through them having a recurrent codified identities' database in which Christians, by knowing its entirety, can prescribe such writings as authentic.
Epistle of James' Composition and Correspondence Metier:
James only, is given.
He is not certified as the apostle James the Less/James the son of Alphaeus or certified as the apostle James the son of Zebedee.
He is not identified by one of the monikers — The Lord's brother, brother of the Lord, or James the brother of John.
He is not identified as James the Just, James the Righteous, James the Bulwark, corresponding to the Bishop of Jerusalem.
He is also not indexed as the overseer or principal apostle for the governance of the Christian sect in Jerusalem and its surround corresponding to Bishop of Jerusalem.
He is also not identified by an examination of his epistle's content revealing any clear identity rationale.
As a principal administrator along with Peter and John, his identity was kept opaque and not certified, so that with his church administration and familial connections being confidential and not circulated, they weren't assailed by anarchic elements.
Epistle of James Documentation:
In ascertaining the author of the Catholic Epistle of James from the superscriptions of early editions initiated in the Syriac, Latin, Greek, Arabic,Coptic etc, they all ascribe incontrovertibly the authorship to James son of Zebedee, the James of the three disciples present at the transfiguration, the Lord's brother, brother of the Lord, brother of God, the bishop of Jerusalem, the Apostle James, [ Erpenius, Beza, Corbejensis, Tremellius, Michaelis editions,etc]
James the son of Alphaeus being James the Less, the other apostle of the two named James, is not subscribed as the author, in the primal records.
James, Bishop of Jerusalem Identity Batch:
Born circa January 1, A.D. 1/II Kunun 1, 311 A.G, biological son of Theudas/Zebedee and Mary, and also matroclinous son of the Virgin Mary, his co-milk mother with Mary of Zebedee, whence through physiological traits comes the correlative birth date.
He was a milk-kin brother to Jesus via their co-milk mothers, Mary wife of Theudas/Zebedee and Mary, the betrothed of Joseph the Carpenter [Apocryphons of James].
James was figuratively the brother of Jesus Christ — the '"Lord's brother" and "the brother of the Lord"', because he resembled Jesus on account of their equitable nurturing having an effect on the physiological factors of their early development, factors intensified by the biological facility of the Virgin Mary giving birth supernaturally to Yeshua.
Reference relationships for James: 'Apostolic Authority by MungaCH2'
https://web.archive.org/web/20190708131 ... 3759/45808
Ignatius, in a facet of his letters to St John, wished to meet the Virgin Mary, for he sought to learn from her those physiological factors for the ensuing resemblance of Jesus and James.[The Epistles of Ignatius to John].
James, the so-called brother of the Lord, was with Jesus from the outset during their infancy — 'You are the Lord's presumed brother... for together with him you fled to Egypt as fugitives.'[Hymnography of St James Feast, from the Praises].
James' facial traits resembled his co-milk mother the Virgin Mary, for Jesus resembled her[The Apocryphal and Legendary Life of Jesus Christ, Lament of the Virgin].
Jesus was not known as James' brother figuratively — "the brother of James", or "James' brother", for Jesus' facial traits didn't resemble co-milk mother, Mary of Zebedee.
The Virgin Mary had 'no other child' [The Lament of the Virgin, A.D.33] and was not the birth mother of her nurtured son, James the son of Zebedee and not the birth mother of her foster son James the Less, the son of Alphaeus.
James the Just, a disciple of the Twelve, was called brother figuratively by Jesus [James Apocryphons, Apocalypse of Peter, Gospel According to the Hebrews].
James the bishop one of the 'sons of thunder' of whom with Peter witnessed the Transfiguration, was alive at the departure of the Virgin Mary, January, A.D./CE 62. James the brother of John, milk-kin brother better known as James the Less, was recorded as been deceased.[On the Life of a Virgin, Forbes Robinson; Syriac Apocrypha, The History of the Virgin Mary, W. Wright.]
James, bishop of Jerusalem was charged with offences of the law by High Priest Ananus ben Ananus in A.D. 62 and brought before the Sanhedrim, Josephus Antiquities Book 20, Chapter 9.1: ‹brought before them the brother of Jesus called the Christ, whose name was James.› Josephus' grammar utilizes hyperbaton to identify which James, ‹brother› and ‹James› are transposed to bring the attention to the denomination ‹the Christ› which textually equates to the brother of the Lord whose name was James—esoterically James son of Zebedee,'who bore the name of brother of the Lord' [Acts of Philip]. Josephus forgoes regular grammar in which James is followed by brother, of which would injudiciously pronounce that James the brother of Jesus—his foster brother, James son of Joseph—was being documented, a disapprobation.
James the Just, bishop of Jerusalem and ascribed with ' the brother of the Lord' and 'the Lord's brother' is accounted for as such in the aggregated compositions of: Acts of Philip; Galatians 1.19; Lament of the Virgin,Transitus Mariae; History of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Legendary Life of Christ; Didascalia Apostolorum; Clementine Homilies; Apostolic Constitutions; Liturgy of Saint James; Hegesippus; Origen; Eusebius; etc.
James the Just, (the brother of the Lord), was: Peter─"whom our Lord the Savior called his brother" [Apocalypse of Peter.] Jesus said to James the Just, "My brother, eat your bread, for the son of man is risen from the dead." [The Gospel according to the Hebrews.]
James son of Zebedee died after a stoning and being hit by a club in A.D./CE 70 shortly before the Passover and the sacking of Jerusalem. [Manichaean Psalms of Sarakoton 142.22-26 and Psalms of Heracleides 192.8,9; Apocalypse of James; Hegesippus, Book V].
The Epistle of James:
James begins by being allegiant to God and the Lord Jesus Christ and sets out his pursuance of contending for the sect followers , the Hebrew converts and those adherents with them that were hounded out of Jerusalem and surrounds after the martyrdom of Stephen. He avoids being orate as an ecclesiastic standard bearer, but he addresses those 'scattered abroad' [Acts 8] as 'my brethren' signifying discretely his directorship as Bishop, and them as sect followers.
James addresses the dispersed sect as 'my beloved brethren' signifying discretely his directorship as bishop, and signifying discretely to them that as adherents, they were to confine the reading of the letter to initiates.
'My brethren' and 'my beloved brethren' are addressed to signify discretely the nature of the Epistle, as sent to the church only, and not for general publication, and so not to be read publicly in the pulpit, thereby confining the author's confidentiality to initiates.
He teaches and interprets the scriptures as their bishop.
'My brethren' are addressed describing Christian adherents, who are taught as by their bishop.
He teaches as bishop his 'brethren'.
He teaches as bishop 'my brethren', 'brethren' the scriptures necessary for salvation and proclaiming, and discretely adhorts initiates to baptize and seal new Christians.