Rhetorical Analysis of Galatians

Discussion about the New Testament, apocrypha, gnostics, church fathers, Christian origins, historical Jesus or otherwise, etc.
Post Reply
User avatar
Posts: 2341
Joined: Mon Oct 07, 2013 9:53 am
Location: Ohio, USA

Rhetorical Analysis of Galatians

Post by DCHindley » Sat Mar 19, 2016 1:47 pm

Just for the hell of it, and because I already had this in a spreadsheet:

1.1-5: epistolary prescript 1.1-5: epistolary prescript 1.1-5: salutation 1.1-5: intro-duction épistolaire 1.1-15: salutation - exordium 1.1-5: epistolary prescript 1.1-5: salutation 1.1-5: epistolary prescript 1.1-5: prescript - salutation
1.6-11: exordium 1.6-10: pro-oemium 1.6-10: proem 1.6-12: annonce du thème 1.6-9: proposition 1.6-12: exordium 1.6-10: exordium 1.6 -10: exordium 1.6-10: prologue - proem - exordium
1.12-2.14: narratio 1. 12-2.14: propositio 1.11-5.1: proofs 1.13-2.14: narratio 1.10-6.10: proof 1.11-12: stasis 1.11-6.10: proof - probation - confirmatio
1.11 —2.21: first heading 1.10-2.21: narration 1.11-2.14: narratio 1.13-2.21: narratio 1.11-2.21: historical argument
1.11 -12: topic 1.11-12: thesis state-ment
1.13-2.14: narrative 1.13-2.21: narratio 1.13-2.14: auto-biographical material 2.11-14: chreia
2.15-21: propositio 2.15-21: propositio 2.15-21: epi-cheireme 2.15-21: peroratio 2.15-21: propositio 2.15-21: elaboration of chreia
3.1-4.31: probatio 3.1-4.31: probatio 3.1-5.1: second heading 3.1-4.31: refutatio 3.1-6.10: further headings 3.1-14.11: confirmatio 3.1-4.11: probatio 3.1-4.31: probatio 3.1-4.31: experiential argument
4.12-5.12: conclusio 4.12-6.10: exhortatio 5.1-6.10: exhortatio 5.1-6.10: causal argument
5.1-6.10: exhortatio 5.1-6.10: refutatio 5.1-6.10: injunctions 5.1-6.10: probation - exhortatio 5.13-6.10: inter-polation
6.11-18: epistolary postscript (peroratio) 6.11-18: epistolary postscript 6.11-18: epilogue - postscript 6.11-18: épilogue 6.11-18: epilogue 6.11-18: amplificatio 6.11-18: subscription 6.11 18: epistolary postscript (peroratio) 6.11-18: postscript - epilogue - conclusio

Helpful reading:

Mark D. Nanos (has, by far, advanced as far as it can go the theory that Paul wrote at least the "genuine" epistles roughly as we have them)
The Galatians Debate: Contemporary Issues in Rhetorical and Historical Interpretation (editor, 2002)
The Irony of Galatians: Paul's Letter in First-Century Context (2002)

Philip H. Kern (points out many inconsistencies and shortcomings in the rhetorical analyses of previous critics)
Rhetoric and Galatians: Assessing an Approach to Paul's Epistle (1997, 2007)

Have fun!

DCH (still gots that dam toof! Nows I gotta gits it pullt) :banghead:

User avatar
Posts: 2341
Joined: Mon Oct 07, 2013 9:53 am
Location: Ohio, USA

Re: Rhetorical Analysis of Galatians

Post by DCHindley » Sat Mar 19, 2016 2:00 pm

On the subject of rhetoric in general, some Rhetorical "Handbooks" from antiquity:

Aristotle (fl. 384 – 322 BC, Greek):
Ῥητορική = Ars Rhetorica, "The 'Art' of Rhetoric" [trans. J. H. Freese, LCL 193, London: Heinemann, 1926]
The Rhetoric consists of three books. Book I offers a general overview, presenting the purposes of rhetoric and a working definition; it also offers a detailed discussion of the major contexts and types of rhetoric. Book II discusses in detail the three means of persuasion that an orator must rely on: those grounded in credibility (ethos), in the emotions and psychology of the audience (pathos), and in patterns of reasoning (logos). Book III introduces the elements of style (word choice, metaphor, and sentence structure) and arrangement (organization).

Pseudo Aristotle, probably written by Anaximenes of Lampsacus (ca. 4th century CE, Greek):
Τέχνη ῥητορική = Rhetorica ad Alexandrum "Rhetoric to Alexander" [translated by E. S. Forster, Oxford, 1924]
As a complete Greek manual on rhetoric still extant from the fourth century BCE, Rhetoric to Alexander gives us an invaluable look into the rhetorical theory of the time. Aristotle did in fact write a work On Rhetoric at much the same time. The author claims to have based this treatise on the Techne of Corax and the Theodectea of Aristotle. The letter may be a reference to Aristotle's Rhetoric.

Cicero (86-44 BCE, Latin):
De Inventione "About the Composition of Arguments " (86 BCE) [trans. H. M. Hubbell, LCL 386, London:Heinemann, 1949]
In 86 B.C.E., Cicero constructed De Invetione. It is speculated that Cicero wrote De Inventione, as well as Rhetorici libri, with all intents and purposes of to cover the five canons of rhetoric: invention, arrangement, style, memory, and delivery. Unfortunately, Cicero failed to complete his goal, or the remaining books have become lost over time. Nonetheless, De Inventione was to become one of the most read classical treatises on classical rhetoric and becoming one of the traditional texts regarding speech as well as the writing processes for the five canons of rhetoric.
De Optimo Genere Oratorum "The Best Kind of Orators" (46 BCE) [trans. H. M. Hubbell, Cicero: De Inventione, De Optimo Genere Oratorum, Topica. London: William Heinemann Ltd, 1969. pp. 349–72]
Oratorum set the criterion for a well spoken individual. Cicero states that an eloquent man must “speak so as to teach, to delight, and to persuade.” According to Cicero, each of the three criterions has a specific importance in the field of rhetoric. One must speak so as to teach in order to find the truth, one must speak with delight in order to keep the mind captivated, and one must be able to persuade in order to get the truth across.
Topica "Topics of Argumentation" (44 BCE) [trans. H. M. Hubbell, LCL 386, London: Heinemann, 1949]
Cicero’s final treatise on rhetoric discusses the connection between philosophy and rhetoric. He discloses his belief that there are close ties between the two crafts. Cicero asserts that the bridge between philosophy and rhetoric is invention. Contrary to Aristotle’s Topic, Cicero creates closer correlations between rhetorical and logical argumentation. Brutus ultimately reveals that rhetoric can only be utilized when it is combined with other subject matter.
De Oratore "On the Orator" (55 BCE) [(2 vols.), vol. 1 E. W. Sutton and H. Rackham; vol. 2 H. Rackham, LCL 348 & 349, London: Heinemann, 1942]
In 55 B.C.E., Cicero composed De Oratore. De Oratore is considered to be one of Cicero’s treatises that accurately express his views on rhetoric. With Aristotle’s Rhetoric circulating Rome shortly before its release, Cicero’s De Oratore is heavily influenced by Aristotle. De Oratore discusses the responsibility of the orator, it’s place within society, and discusses certain qualities an orator must obtain in order to be efficient. Like Phraedrus, the text also discusses what type of craft rhetoric really is and expresses the differences between the orator and the philosopher.

DCH :eek:

Post Reply