Ancient Hebrew Calendar

Discussion about the Hebrew Bible, Septuagint, pseudepigrapha, Philo, Josephus, Talmud, Dead Sea Scrolls, archaeology, etc.
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Re: Ancient Hebrew Calendar

Post by Ged » Tue Dec 19, 2017 3:33 pm

One more thing I would like to add to this topic, that might be of interest to some here.

Concerning the 1st day of Tishri, yes, it was the New Year start of an exceptional 50th year in the original Hebrew calendar. (Leviticus 25:8-10) But it also seems to have been a reference point for yet another astronomical synchronism. A mysterious number appears in an old Hebrew writing with no obvious explanation.
“Blessed is he who waits and arrives at the 1335 days.” (Daniel 12:12)
Apparently, this figure is another calendar procedure because, when we add it to the 1st day of Tishri, it arrives at the Day of Pentecost, the 6th of Sivan, three and a half years later, and 50 days after Passover. So, the great festival dates were being used, in addition to their religious function, to hold together a surprisingly accurate luni-solar system.

In summary, the pre-Metonic Hebrew calendar was a 7-year cycle of alternating 86/87 months, crosschecked by a regular 1335-day formula, and cross-checked again by a long cycle of 600 months after 481/2 years. Its distinguishing mark was a Sabbatical ‘stamp’ making it unique from every other national calendar.

Ive updated my paper and added diagrams and tables here:

The science of arranging time in periods and ascertaining the dates and historical order of past events.

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