Two Jameses implies two Marys
And there were also women looking on from afar off, among whom also were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the Less and of Joses, and Salome,
And the Sabbath having passed, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, that having come, they might anoint Him.
If, as I have argued above, these are two different Jameses, "James the Less" (who was not one of the 12 apostles) and "James son of Alphaeus" (who was one of the 12 apostles), then of course these are also two different Marys.
This scenario of two Marys is supported by GJohn 19:25-27,
25Now His mother,[Mary] and the sister of His mother [Mary], Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene, had been standing by the cross of Jesus. 26Therefore Jesus, having seen His mother [Mary] and the disciple whom He loved standing by, says to His mother, “Woman, behold, your son.” 27Then He says to the disciple, “Behold, your mother.” And from that hour the disciple took her to the own.
Who was the "Clopas" in the phrase "Mary the wife of Clopas"?
Κλωπᾶς, Κλωπᾶ (B 20 (18); Winer's Grammar, § 8, 1), 6 (חָלְפָּא; apparently identical with Alphaeus, see Ἁλφαῖος, 2 (cf. Heinichen's note on Eusebius, h. e. 3, 11, 2)), Clopas (Vulg. (Cleopas and) Cleophas), the father of the apostle James the less, and husband of Mary the sister of the mother of Jesus: John 19:25 (ἡ τοῦ Κλωπᾶ namely, γυνή (cf. Winer's Grammar, 131 (125) note)).
The etymology is right, but the image of "James the Less" is wrong, according to my reconstruction.
This lexicon correctly supports my rereading of GMark inasmuch as the "James" in the mention of "Mary the mother of James" at the empty tomb was one of the 12 apostles, James son of Alphaeus.
But, this lexicon mistakenly identifies this "James son of Alphaeus" with "the apostle James the Less." How wrong, on two levels! As I have demonstrated earlier in this thread, "James the Less" was 1) not an apostle in the sense of being one of the 12, and was 2) not the son of Alphaeus. He was much "less" important than the lexicon suggests.
This mistaken identification of "James the Less" with "James son of Alphaeus" goes back to Jerome who, in arguing for the perpetual virginity of Mary, could not imagine the real story-- "James the Less" was a same womb brother of Jesus. As a logical consequence, it followed that Jerome misread the two Jameses of Galatians. Jerome was following the prior misreading of Hegesippus, who had made "James, the Lord's brother" into an "esteemed pillar."
The "Mary the mother of James" mentioned in Mark 16:40 was "Mary" the wife of Alphaeus aka, Clopas. GJohn not only supports my interpretation of GMark, and also adds that "Mary" the mother of Jesus was a sister to this other "Mary." And so also, Jesus' same-womb brother, "James the Less," was a cousin of "James, son of Alphaeus." (Cf. "James" the "pillar" of Gal 2--i.e. the "James" who, according to Acts 15, spoke against the burdensome requirement of circumcision of Gentile converts--was the cousin of "James, the Lord's brother"/"James the Less"). This is supported by Jerome's exegesis-based "history" inasmuch as James the "pillar" of Gal 2 is understood by him to be an apostle from the original 12, "James son of Alphaeus."